The authors conclude that significant platelet dysfunction causin

The authors conclude that significant platelet dysfunction causing hemorrhagic diathesis is uncommon when fluoxetine is used

at a dosage of 20 mg daily.27 However, methodological issues with this publication suggest a high risk of type II error.27 Lederbogen et al measured aPTT, vWF, TWS119 manufacturer fibrinogen, fibrin monomer, and prothrombin ratio (Quick) before and after treatment with either amitriptyline or paroxetine. Therapy was effective on depressive Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical symptoms as measured by the Hamilton Depression scale in both groups, and ANOVA revealed prothrombin ratio to increase from start to end of treatment. No effect was seen on the other parameters. The authors conclude that changes observed in prothrombin Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical ratio may be due to nutritional factors, and

that bleeding associated with antidepressant therapy is probably not an extreme form of a general influence on the coagulation systems, but rather an idiosyncratic reaction.32 Berk et al studied 10 patients before and after treatment with fluoxetine. No changes in any index of platelet aggregation or coagulation were reported.33 Alderman et al were also unable to demonstrate any changes in primary hemostasis or coagulation parameters after use of fluoxetine Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical or paroxetine for 28 days.28 This was also the case after a fluoxetine trial conducted by Bang et al.34 Interestingly, Tharmapathy et al observed that platelets from six or seven patients undergoing treatment with venlafaxine aggregated spontaneously during a routine centrifugation

of platelet-rich plasma. Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical Furthermore, increased baseline platelet activity as measured by P-selectin surface expression was observed during treatment compared with before treatment.29 In vitro studies The in vitro effects of escalating concentrations of sertraline on human platelets were assessed by Serebruany et al, showing a dose-dependent inhibition Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical of platelet aggregation induced by ADP, collagen, and thrombin, as well as decreased platelet surface expression of CD9, Pselectin, platelet endothelial Chlormezanone cell adhesion molecule (PECAM)-I, and glycoproteins Ilb/IIIa and lb. The data from this study, showing a direct inhibitory effect on platelets of therapeutic concentrations of sertraline, suggest that it may account for a substantial portion of the association between depression and adverse outcomes of IHD by a thrombotic mechanism.39 Mohammad and Mason also demonstrated an inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation by the tricyclics imipramine and amitriptyline.38 Case reports (no baseline values) Among case reports of abnormal bleeding with antidepressant medication, some have revealed abnormalities in hemostasis tests.

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