After exposure to cold and warm water (10°C and 35°C), multiple measurements ACP-196 supplier were performed with the focus on blood velocity and flow using the “O2C” device. Results: Both examined flaps showed a tendency for improvement in local blood flow and velocity due to thermal stress.
We recorded a more physiological thermoregulation during thermal stress for the LDM flap, when compared with the ALT flap over a measured period of time. Conclusion: We believe that the presence of the muscle portion in the LDM flap may offer better conditions for thermoregulation based on the improvement of neural and vascular regeneration. However, further studies should clarify the pathophysiological backgrounds, to make these interesting results clinically
applicable. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery, 2011. “
“This prospective study was designed to compare the accuracy rate between remote smartphone photographic assessments and in-person examinations for free flap monitoring. One hundred and three consecutive free flaps were monitored with in-person examinations and assessed remotely by three surgeons (Team A) via photographs transmitted over smartphone. Four other surgeons used the traditional in-person examinations as Team B. The response time to re-exploration was defined as the interval between when MI-503 supplier a flap was evaluated as compromised by the nurse/house officer and when the decision was made for re-exploration. The accuracy rate was 98.7% and 94.2% for in-person and smartphone photographic assessments, respectively. The response time of 8 ± 3 min in Team A was statistically shorter than the 180 ± 104 min in Team B (P = 0.01 by the Mann–Whitney test). The remote smartphone photography assessment has a comparable accuracy rate and shorter response time compared with in-person examination for free flap monitoring. © 2011 diglyceride Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Microsurgery, 2011.
“Introduction: Reconstruction of anterior ear defects is poorly described, but using “like” tissue provides the optimal reconstruction. We present a cadaveric dissection and our experience with the pedicled superficial temporal artery perforator (STAP) flap for reconstruction of partial ear defects. Materials and Methods: Two cadavers were dissected bilaterally (n = 4) following injection of latex and barium sulfate. A retrospective review of 20 consecutive patients undergoing reconstruction with the STAP flap from 2009 to 2012 was performed. Twenty patients underwent reconstruction of anterior ear defects following resection for non-melanoma skin malignancies using a tunneled pedicled STAP flap (scapha: 5, triangular fossa: 2, scapha and triangular fossa: 13). Results: Two perforators were identified in all dissections with one perforator at the level of the tragus, and the second perforator within 1 cm cephalad to the tragus.